Years of violence and conflict have displaced rural communities in this South American country, causing multiple humanitarian crises.
At the end of 2020, two hurricanes devastated large areas of Nicaragua, Guatemala and Honduras – leaving 5.3 million people in need of humanitarian support.
Malnutrition, poverty and maternal and infant mortality are all high, especially in rural and indigenous areas. The effects of the Covid-19 pandemic have also increased unemployment and extreme poverty.
An estimated 50,000 people cross the southern border of the USA from Central America on an irregular basis every year. This is mainly as a result of unemployment, poverty, violence and the impact of climate change on nutrition.
Public safety, migration, drug trafficking, education and poor access to clean water and basic sanitation are some of the challenges facing Central Americans. Many live below the poverty line, making them highly vulnerable to seasonal hunger and food shortages.