This landlocked country is one of the poorest nations in the world. Half of the population rely on humanitarian assistance.
Given its location and economic stability, Cameroon represents a land of refuge for people displaced from neighbouring countries.
Political strife in the Central African Republic, and violence linked to the rise of Boko Haram in the Lake Chad region, have both led to an increase in refugees crossing the border into Cameroon.
There is also ongoing armed conflict between the government and local militias in English-speaking regions of the country, causing internal displacement and significant humanitarian needs.