Afghanistan has faced extreme levels of chronic insecurity, internal displacement and widespread poverty.
Pakistan has South Asia’s second largest economy, but inequality, poverty, conflict and limited access to basic social services have limited its development.
As well as being frequently affected by natural disasters, the country is also vulnerable to the climate crisis. In 2019, earthquakes, heavy rainfall and drought hit the country.
The country faces persistent drought, specifically in the provinces of Sindh and Baluchistan. This has affected 5 million people and has devastated the local agriculture.
Alongside the climate crisis, there is ongoing conflict in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa between insurgents and the Pakistan Army – leading to widespread displacement.