Years of violence and conflict have displaced rural communities in this South American country, causing multiple humanitarian crises.
Political tensions continued and worsened in Haiti in 2019. Corruption, inflation, gang activity and fuel shortages sparked regular mass protests. Blockades, demonstrations and violence were common, forcing the country to a standstill.
Persistent droughts have also had a huge effect on agriculture, with extended dry periods cutting annual food production in half.
Analysis by the IPC (Integrated Food Security Phase Classification) released in October 2019 revealed 3.67 million Haitians were acutely food insecure, putting them at severe risk of hunger. Around the country, chronic malnutrition is estimated at 22.7% of the population.