Thousands of people in the West African country, including refugees from neighbouring countries, struggle to get enough food.
The landlocked Republic of Chad gets its name from its lake. Reaching across the centre of the harsh and arid Sahel region, this rapidly shrinking water source supplies water to 30 million people in Chad and its surrounding countries.
The country faces numerous humanitarian crises that currently affect more than 6 million people. Both the regional conflict shaking the Lake Chad basin and armed combat in neighbouring Central African Republic have also led to a huge increase in people fleeing violence.
In some of the more densely populated areas, disease has become widespread and made worse by the country’s weakened healthcare system. Almost a million people, including children and pregnant women are vulnerable.
The population is also exposed to epidemic diseases such as cholera, hepatitis E, malaria, meningitis and other respiratory infections, including coronavirus. The mortality rate in the affected regions – as many as 133 in every 1,000 – is the highest in the world for these diseases.