Access to first aid materials and international aid professionals is a priority in these first days. It is imperative that the capacity of the airport is strengthened immediately so that all the essential aid can arrive as quickly as possible, particularly water, sanitation and hygiene materials.
Water and hygiene are the priority. Right now, there is a lack of water in the capital. More than just quantity, it is the quality of the water which will quickly become problematic, and we don’t yet know the extent of the damage to the reservoirs and pipes. There is a huge risk for the survivors. Grouped together in families under a tent, or without shelter, survivors need safe water and sanitation.
“From my own experience, it is a very similar situation to the earthquake in Pakistan in 2005," said Vincent Taillandier, director of operations for Action Against Hunger in France. "Outside the towns, we are talking about a huge rural and mountainous region which has been affected. We don’t yet have reports from there because of the lack of access and because communications are down. It is certain, however, that there is considerable damage.”
The isolated rural areas must receive humanitarian help as soon as possible. We must not forget that 80 percent of the Nepalese population lives and works in rural areas. This is where the majority of victims are still waiting for help.
“Given that they are smaller and more simply constructed, we hope that when the houses collapse in villages and rural areas, we will see less deaths than in the more built-up towns," said Taillandier. "But the situation for rural Nepalese people is not easy. Without their homes, their food supplies and with no access to water, an earthquake of this size has without a doubt made them very vulnerable. As was the case in Pakistan, deployment of aid to these people will be long and difficult, and will require helicopters as well as more traditional means, including transportation by donkey."
Photo credit: ACF-Nepal, T. Gonnett