Security in the north of the country continued to deteriorate throughout 2017 due to the breakdown in the Bamako Peace Agreement and the resumption of hostilities between the signatory parties. The Bamako Agreement, aimed at bringing peace and reconciliation to Mali, had its three-year anniversary on June 20, 2018. The agreement was supposed to usher in a new era of peace and stability in Mali. However, not only has there been little progress in implementing the agreement, but insecurity has grown and spread to the center of the country.
At the same time, there has been an increase in criminal activity in a region in which weapons are mulitiplying and livelihoods have become scarcer.
Outside conflict zones, the chronic vulnerability so characteristic of the Sahel persists, and the effects of climate change can clearly be observed. Food and nutrition security are causing the forced displacement of people, 4.1 million people will need food assistance in 2018, almost half of them in Koulikoro, Sikasso and Segou regions.
One of the major challenges facing us in 2018 in a highly complex situation involving a rise in the number of armed actors.